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分裂文(cleft sentence)

suin2008年8月3日

焦点となる語を名詞文(コピュラ文)の補語の位置に置いた文。

英語で、際だたせたい特定の要素(語や句など)を、'It is X that Y'のXの位置に置き、残りの要素をYの位置に置いた文である。

  • John likes this book. (SVO)
    • It is John that likes this book. (SVC)
    • It is this book that John likes. (SVC)
  • Mary gave John the book. (SVOO)
    • × It is John that Mary gave the book. (Johnが間接目的語のため)
  • Tom is a teacher (SVC)
    • × It is a teacher that Tom is. (a teacherが補語のため)
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